Towards universal neural network potential for material discovery applicable to arbitrary combination of 45 elements

Nature Communications, 2022

By : So Takamoto, Chikashi Shinagawa, Daisuke Motoki, Kosuke Nakago, Wenwen Li, Iori Kurata, Taku Watanabe, Yoshihiro Yayama, Hiroki Iriguchi, Yusuke Asano, Tasuku Onodera, Takafumi Ishii, Takao Kudo, Hideki Ono, Ryohto Sawada, Ryuichiro Ishitani, Marc Ong, Taiki Yamaguchi, KataokaToshiki, Akihide Hayashi, Nontawat Charoenphakdee, Takeshi Ibuka

Computational material discovery is under intense study owing to its ability to explore the vast space of chemical systems. Neural network potentials (NNPs) have been shown to be particularly effective in conducting atomistic simulations for such purposes. However, existing NNPs are generally designed for narrow target materials, making them unsuitable for broader applications in material discovery. Here we report a development of universal NNP called PreFerred Potential (PFP), which is able to handle any combination of 45 elements. Particular emphasis is placed on the datasets, which include a diverse set of virtual structures used to attain the universality. We demonstrated the applicability of PFP in selected domains: lithium diffusion in LiFeSO4F, molecular adsorption in metal-organic frameworks, an order–disorder transition of Cu-Au alloys, and material discovery for a Fischer–Tropsch catalyst. They showcase the power of PFP, and this technology provides a highly useful tool for material discovery.

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